如何在島上用保特瓶蓋一顆樹 (序)

今年聖誕使者Jia Xin的愛心版圖首次擴展到台東和蘭嶼,Jia-Xin將愛與溫暖傳遞全台灣的願望也跨出了一大步! 從九月中起,我們便開始緊鑼密鼓籌備這次的遠征,James和Peter也絞盡腦汁設計在島上的聖誕樹裝置。在整個年末慶典的活動過程中,除了提供全素蔬食餐點外,我們也希望更進一步使用對環境友善的手法和材料進行工作坊活動。

前陣子接受蘭嶼島上的邀請,

我和謝彼得要在十一月時和嚮光基金會一起去島上為小朋友們創作一顆聖誕樹。在一些初步的資料搜集後,發現因為台灣蘭嶼往來運費高昂,回收垃圾單價過低,長期以來沒有回收公司專責處理島上的垃圾分類回收,島上居民普遍沒有分類習慣,所以垃圾變成一個大問題。

我們於是決定拿島上最普遍常見的回收垃圾 – 保特瓶來製作這顆樹。接著這一個月來我們就慢慢開始研究如何用保特瓶做一顆樹。

為了達成聖誕使者Jia-Xin在佳節時刻散播溫暖與祝福的願望,我們希望這顆聖誕樹能為當地社群帶來歡樂的能量與新氣象。在同時,我們也希望儘可能降低這顆聖誕樹裝置對環境的衝擊。因為我們的創作者們從九月開始就努力研究用當地收集的回收保特瓶建造穩固結構的方法。我們希望盡量不添加多餘的結構性建材,以保特瓶做為主要結構材料,只以少量的固定材料將保特瓶彼此接合,支撐本體結構。在這個過程中我們遇到以下的困難,希望尋求專業人士及社群的意見。
由於出發時間在即,希望能夠在本週末(11/6)以前獲得大家的回應與意見。

挑戰: 在確保樹體結構穩定度的同時,盡量降低建構過程中對環境的影響及負荷。

樹體要求:
高度: 大約3米高
材料: 回收保特瓶為主
展期: 四個月 (2015年11月 – 2016年3月)

固定用材料選項及問題:
粗/細鐵絲:
X 容易切割到保特瓶身,不易固定緊密。
X 撤場時拆卸不易。
O 耐久性強
∆ 可回收,相對於塑膠容易分解。

 

麻繩:
X 不易固定緊密,長時間置於室外強風環境下易摩損斷裂
O 易回收分解,對環境影響最小。

尼龍(Nylon)束帶:
O 可緊密固定瓶身,達到理想結構強度。裝卸容易及耐久性足夠。
X 不易分解,可回收,但經濟價值低,故很少回收站願意回收處理。

 

下面是James在創作過程中所紀錄的創作日誌,希望大家持續關注我們的進度,並且能一同支援我們的這趟遠征! 藉著這些活動,我們希望能喚醒當地社群的環保意識。刺激大人小孩一同進行思辯、並起身行動,同時也希望能尋找一個有效的方法讓當地社群有力量及工具保護並美化自己的土地。

“How To” Guide – A Plastic Bottle Tree for an Island

This year our Santa Jia Xin Winter Solstice is expanding to Taitung and Orchid Island and we’re so excited to be able to fulfill Jia-Xin’s wish to spread warmth and generosity throughout Taiwan. As we are gearing up for our Orchid Island trip and since the middle of September, James and Peter have been racking their brain. Throughout the entire process for our annual year end celebrations, we hope in addition to our plant-based meals to move towards more environmentally friendly workshops.

“After receiving an invitation to Orchid Island with Lan En Cultural and Educational Foundation’s wish for a Christmas Tree, we began to research the resources that were available to us. One of main issues plaguing the island concerns the amount of garbage that needs to be sorted and recycling.

Thus, after assessing which type of material that could be upcycled into an one-story high Christmas Tree, Peter and James decided to collect recycled plastic bottles and finding a way to build a self-standing bottle tree.”

James Teng

The purpose of the Christmas tree is that it can be enjoyed by the community as reflection of Santa Jia-Xin’s wish to spread warmth and holiday cheers to Taiwan every year. Along with our belief in attempt to minimize negative impact we will be using plastic bottles that are found on Orchid Island itself. Since September our teachers have worked very hard to create a tree that is stable and have encountered the following issue on an environmentally friendly binding material we would like to ask community and expert input for, preferably by early the end of this week (11/6 ?) as we are leaving shortly.

* As we hope to use the PET bottles as main constructing materials and add as little construction material as possible, we aimed to connect the bottles with minimum binding materials to form a stable self-standing structure. We hope that you can support our journey! Through this we hope to highlight an environmental issue to draw debate, resolution, and in the meantime find a way to create and empower the community to beautify their surroundings.

 

TREE BRIEF:
HEIGHT: Approximately one-story high (3 meters / 9 feet)
MATERIAL: Main material plastic bottles
LONGEVITY: Four Months (2015 NOV – 2016 MAR)

BINDING MATERIAL:
WIRE:
X Cuts into the plastic bottles and difficult to hold the bottles tight enough.
X Difficult to disassemble and assemble.
O Good durability
∆ Recyclable,easy to degrade compared to plastic。

ROPE:
O Easy to recycle and degrade, smallest impact for the environment.
X Difficult to tie and hold the bottles tight enough.
Easy to break as the trees will be put in a windy outdoor environment.

PLASTIC ZIP TIES:
O Ideal structural strength and durability, easy to hold the bottles tight enough.
X Difficult to degrade,very few recycling station accepts it cause of low economic value.

PARTNERS 夥伴

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2015-0110-繽紛紮染-71

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(戶名) 社團法人臺灣嚮光協會
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Bank Name: Fubon Bank
Bank Code: 012
Account: 4901 0202 2421
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WEEK 1

第一次開會,決定用保特瓶做一顆樹。
The first meeting, decision to utilize plastic bottles to create a tree

WEEK 2

嘗試用保特瓶編織出達悟族的頭盔,
覺得這個樹也可以是類似傳統頭盔的形,
也用某種類似編織的結構組成。

We sampled creating something akin to the traditional helmets of the indigenous Tao Tribe, looking into a tree in the similar shape forged through weaving strips of paper through a deconstructed plastic bottle.

WEEK 3

測試各種不同的結構和關節,
Testing a variety of materials and structures to join the pieces together

同時用保特瓶繼續做出更多不同的帽子
at the same time playing around with various materials and shapes

WEEK 4

嘗試製做等比例的大模型
From the miniature models we magnified the sizes

持續研究讓樹站起來的方法。

to see how stable the creation would be and how it would hold up

 

然後每天都祈禱,
下個月可以在島上讓樹站起來,
everyday hoping that next month our tree will stand

 

30

而且不會倒。

and not collapse.

TEACHERS 老師

James Teng 滕孟哲

Born in 1982 in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
BA in “Man and Identity” at Design Academy Eindhoven.
Specializing in material research, interior products, exhibition space design and photography.

31歲,高雄人,畢業於荷蘭安荷芬設計學院。
在荷蘭及法國生活約六年半後,兩年前回到台灣,
喜歡吃飯喝酒走路,
創作內容包含材質研發、室內產品、織品、空間、展覽設計及攝影。

www.thejamesteng.com

Peter Hsieh 謝叢憶

畢業於荷蘭安荷芬設計學院
設計珠寶 設計眼鏡
或其他可以偷渡自己幽默的東西

Graduated from Design Academy Eindhoven.
Accessory designer.

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Who is Santa Jia-Xin?
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